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Areni Sights Yerevan, Amenia - Noyantour
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SIGHTS - Areni


Archeological excavations found the most ancient wine-making manufacturing near the village of Areni  (Armenia) which is more than 6000 years old. Other archeological excavations have exhibited various skills and crafts of the inhabitants of the Armenian Highlands. It is now known that in the IV-V millenniums B.C. they were able to smelt copper, while in the second millennium B.C. they were able to smelt iron. The various ancient monuments and ethnic cultural traditions will ignite an interest in the archeologically, ethnographically and culturally inclined persons visiting Armenia.
Areni  is a village in the Vayots Dzor Province of Armenia. It is best known for its wine production, although the majority of wine produced locally is from the nearby village of Getap. The church of S. Astvatsatsin is a single-nave two-aisled domed Armenian church completed in the year 1321.
The cave has offered surprising new insights into the origins of modern civilizations, such as evidence of a wine-making enterprise and an array of culturally diverse pottery. Excavations also yielded an extensive array of Copper Age artifacts dating to between 6,200 and 5,900 years ago. The new discoveries within the cave move early bronze-age cultural activity in Armenia back by about 800 years. Additional discoveries at the site include metal knives, seeds from more than 30 types of fruit, remains of dozens of cereal species, rope, cloth, straw, grass, reeds and dried grapes and prunes.
The 5,500 years old shoe, the oldest leather shoe in the world, was discovered by a team of international archaeologists in the Areni cave . Stable cold and dry conditions in the cave made it possible for the exceptional preservation of the shoe, according to the University College Cork in Ireland, whose archaeologists were part of the international team that made the excavation.
 The shoe, made of cowhide and tanned with oil from a plant or vegetable, is about 5,500 years old, older than Stonehenge and the Egyptian pyramids, scientists say. Leather laces crisscross through numerous leather eyelets, and it was worn on the right foot . It was made of a single piece of leather and was shaped to fit the wearer's foot and is in perfect condition.
Samples of the shoe were tested in two radiocarbon laboratories in Oxford, U.K., and in California, and both showed the same results.

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